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Infancy 3-5 years

Infancy 3-5 years

As your child turns to pre-school and early school age their speech, language and communication skills bloom. Their language and speech become more adult like, and they are able to talk in detail about their experiences and thoughts. As your child grows and starts school there are some milestones they should have reached.

Speech, language and communication milestones

By 3-4 years

Children at this age should be able to do the following:

  • Is able to use longer sentences and join sentences together.
  • Can understand and use concepts such as colour, time, size, number.
  • Can describe events that have happened during the day or previously.
  • Can take part in conversation with adults and other children, will respond to question, comment on what has been said and ask questions to develop conversation.
  • Is able to answer some ‘why?’ questions.
  • Will ask questions using ‘what? Why? Where?’.
  • Children are able to attend to longer stories and answer questions related to the story.
  • Will like simple jokes.
  • Will start to plan games with siblings or peers.
  • May have difficulty with some sounds e.g. /r/ /w/ /l/ /f/ /th/ /sh/ /ch/ /j/.
Saliha using the nursery guinea pig to teach the children different concepts and vocabulary.

“Saliha using the nursery guinea pig to teach the children different concepts and vocabulary.”

By 4-5 years

Children at this age should be able to:

  • Is able to use complex sentences with almost adult like grammar.
  • Able to understand words that relate phrases together e.g. if, when, why.
  • Will understand more complex language e.g. might, maybe, above, between.
  • Will start to use verbs properly but may still make errors.
  • Will ask for meanings of words may also describe the meaning of simple words.
  • Will understand question without stopping their current activity to look at the adult.
  • Will take turns in long conversations.
  • Will respond appropriately to scenarios e.g. what to do when you’re sleepy? Hungry?
  • Can respond to questions like why? And whose?
  • Will use language in different ways e.g. responding, commenting, questioning, refusing.
  • May still have difficulties with sounds such as /r/ /v/ /th/.
Children using play to develop their vocabulary and turn-taking skills.

“Children using play to develop their vocabulary and turn-taking skills.”

Speech clinic

We are able to help children with any speech, language or communication difficulties and disorders in order to help children achieve their maximum potential.

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How speech and language therapy can help a child with delayed development

Our speech and language therapists have the knowledge and experience to help increase the development of children who may be finding, speech, language or communication difficult. We can provide a range of assessments and an individualised therapy programme to suit the needs of your child and to improve development.

Worried about your child's development?

If you are worried about your child’s development, do not hesitate to contact us to speak to one of our passionate speech and language therapists.

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If you are concerned about your child’s speech, language and communication development and would like to speak to our experienced speech and language therapists please email office@sltforkids.co.uk or call 0330 088 2298.

Talk to us

If you would like any more information on any of the services we offer or would like to book an appointment, do not hesitate to contact us and one of our team will be happy to help. Email office@sltforkids.co.uk or call 0330 088 2298.

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Speech Clinic

Our speech and language therapists provide a range of services for children with speech, language and communication needs.

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Voice Clinic

We provide specialist speech and language therapy services for children with voice support needs.

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Feeding Clinic

Our expert speech and language therapists provide a range of services for children with eating, drinking and swallowing support needs, alongside our professionals multidisciplinary team.

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